About Indonesia



Indonesia lies between latitudes 11°S and 6°N, and longitudes 95°E and 141°E. It consists of 17,508 islands, about 6,000 of which are inhabited. According to the 2010 national census, the population of Indonesia is 237.6 million, with high population growth at 1.9%. 58% of the population lives on Java, the world’s most populous island.


There are around 300 distinct native ethnic groups in Indonesia, and 742 different languages and dialects. The largest ethnic group is the Javanese, who comprise 42% of the population, and are politically and culturally dominant. The Sundanese, ethnic Malays, and Madurese are the largest non-Javanese groups.


The official national language is Indonesian, a form of Malay. Most Indonesians speak at least one of the several hundred local languages and dialects, often as their first language.


While religious freedom is stipulated in the Indonesian constitution, the government officially recognizes only six religions: Islam, Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism. Although it is not an Islamic state, Indonesia is the world’s most populous Muslim-majority nation, with 86.1% of Indonesians being Muslim according to the 2000 census


Indonesian cuisine varies by region and is based on Chinese, European, Middle Eastern, and Indian precedents. Rice is the main staple food and is served with side dishes of meat and vegetables. Spices (notably chili), coconut milk, fish and chicken are fundamental ingredients.




Indonesian government recognizes three time zones in Indonesia
• Western Indonesian Time—seven hours ahead (UTC+7) of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
• Central Indonesian Time— eight hours ahead (UTC+8) of GMT
• Eastern Indonesian Time—nine hours ahead (UTC+9) of GMT
Daylight saving time is never observed in Indonesia


Bandung uses Western Indonesian Time, UTC+7 of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)


Source: Wikipedia